Poetic Devices

Hyperbole - An exaggeration or overstatement. "There's gotta be a million mosquitos outside!"

Alliteration - A repetition of initial sounds in consecutive words. "Suzy smelled super soup."

Rhythm & Rhyme - a) Rhyme is a pattern of words that contain similiar sounds. "Sour bower, eiffel tower."
b) Rhythm - The dictionary tells us it is "a movement with uniform recurrence of a beat or accent." In its crudest form rhythm has a beat with little or no meaning. Children use them in games and counting-out rhymes. In poetry, rhythm, broadly speaking, is a recognizable pulse, or "recurrence," which gives a distinct beat to a line and also gives it a shape. Example: "One, two, buckle my shoe."

Metaphor - The comparison of two unlike things. "The moldy bread smelled just like a batch of cookies coming out of the oven after no food for three days."

Analogy - The comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship. The key is to ascertain the relationship between the first so you can choose the correct second pair. Part to whole, opposites, results of are types of relationships you should find. Example : Hot is to cold as fire is to ice.

Repetition - The repeated use of a word or phrase. "I like to eat, eat, eat, I like to eat!"

Personification - To give an inanimate object human emotions or feelings, or the ability to speak and move. "The couch said, 'Get off of me!'"

Allusion - A brief reference to a person, place, or thing. "Remember the fair last year?"

Oxymoron - To put two contradictory words together. "A dark, harsh light fell over them all."

Euphemism - The substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener "Asian people don't like me, and I respond accordingly." as opposed to "I don't like asians."

Imagery - Evoking one of the five senses through speech or writing. "The trees swayed in the balmy breeze as the sun sank under the horizon."

Irony - An implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant. "I'm sure it is." (comparable to sarcasm)

Malapropism - An act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, esp. by the confusion of words that are similar in sound. "I'll calk it." (pronounced kalk)

Onomatopoeia - A word that imitates the sound it represents (sound effects like boom, pow, smash) "BLAM!"

Satire - A literary term used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting, or changing, the subject of the satiric attack. "Wow, you're such a weakling."

Simile - The comparison of two unlike things using like or as. "He seemed as tall as a giant."

Symbol - Using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning. i.e. an open door with light shining through

Theme - The general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express.